This page is about the adventure of building the world’s lightest brushless FPV quadcopter:
How it all started
When winter was approaching germany I felt the irresistible desire to build something small and lightweight to get some indoor training. The Tinywhoop is nice, but if you are honest, brushed quadcopters suck at the latest when the first motor dies… So I need to go brushless and stay small! My LKTR120 (80g AUW) is nice for flying in the woods but not for indoor. So the target is something in the weight region of my Tinywhoop.
You want to fly one of my recent prototypes? Join the pepperF1SH world tour!
Even though this is the lightest FPV quadcopter on earth, it does not lack any features you would miss otherwise:
- F3 flight controller
- Blackbox logging
- integrated FrSky receiver with telemetry (!)
- Current- and voltage sensor
- BLHELI_S with DSHOT (!)
- 5.8GHz FPV setup
- and of course it is betaflight compatible!
The first design was based on a round shape and ended up with a weight of 32.4g including batteries. You can see design in this post. This frame was something special and looking really nice, however it was not as crash resistant as I wanted it to be. I also wanted to have the option to add a protective bumper cage. After evaluating different designs I decided to go for a classical X frame. I made three versions:
A 70-sized version for 48mm propellers (it is really really small as you can see here). It’s nice for indoor but underpowered and quite inefficient with those 48mm triblades.
The best option is the 83-sized frame depicted at the top. This one is made for 56mm propellers and is the best compromise in size, efficiency and thrust ratio (around 3.3:1). Without the bumper cage you end up at ~30.6grams (!). The bumper cage adds ~2.4grams and really helps to fly in tight spaces.
There is also “the beast edition” with a diagonal size of 96mm. It is good for 65mm props and powerful and efficient as hell. It has the best thrust to weight ratio but is really big, nothing you want to fly in your house…
In order to build one pepperFISH you will need the following parts:
- my tinyFISH FC
- my tinyPEPPER 4in1 ESC
- 4x Racerstar 1103 Motor (8000KV)
- VM275T camera / vtx combo
- custom frame (released soon as open hw)
- custom cam + battery mount (released soon as open hw)
- M2 nylon screws + bolts
- 4x Ladybird propeller
- some 32 AWG wire (black)
- a hand full of Turnigy nano 1S 200mAh batteries
Right now you can not buy the FC and the ESC as they are custom designs made by myself. However you can use the published documentation, schematics, and design files to build it on your own. Unfortunately this requires some very fine pitch soldering… Sooner or later some chinese vendor will probably pick up the design and bring it to market. If you are such a vendor: Please do so, but make sure to stick to the open hardware license and publish all modifications under the same license and give proper credit. Drop me a note where your product can be bought and I will add a Link to this page.
Rocket science — sounds expensive….
This might sound more complicated as it actually is. Building the FC and the ESC is not that hard — when you have access to the right tools. I use a cheap stereo microscope for soldering. That helps a LOT! Additionally you need a lot of good flux, a good soldering station, and a cheap hot air station. If you have the toolset it is actually less expensive as you might think:
The parts for the flight controller and the ESC can be bought in single quantities for $40 and $20 respectively (e.g. at Farnell). The motors are available for $30, cam and vtx are $24, the frame can be cut for $10, the custom battery and camera mount is $4 on shapeways, and the batteries are $3 each. This sums up to roughly $150. This is less than what the new generation of ready to fly micro brushless copters are sold for right now. Once someone will manufacture the FC and ESC in series those prices will probably drop as well.
I will write a detailed, step-by-step build tutorial soon, so stay tuned. If you have built any my stuff i would be happy to see and hear how it turned out for you — so send me an email 😉
The including battery and fpv setup! It flies very very well, more to follow soon! Right now you will have to refer to my current blog posts for more information. Once the testing is finished I will publish more details.
- Tutorial: Replacing stiff motor wires with flexible ones — no more breaking wires [BR1103B] — Episode 2 (9/16/2017)
- Tutorial: Replacing stiff motor wires with flexible ones — no more breaking wires [BR1103B] (9/8/2017)
- A new pepperFIISH is born — Successful reproduction by jaap (8/26/2017)
- 70g HD-CAM VS 29g Drone — no way! (6/11/2017)
- pepperFIISH — new frame design for 0703/0705 motors (5/29/2017)
- pepperF1SH — 3D printed camera mount released! (5/28/2017)
- tinyOSD — 0.4g / full betaflight integration / early preview demo (5/24/2017)
- tinyFISH FC & tinyPEPPER ESC — Where to buy?! (5/9/2017)
- Racerstar F3D8 VS fishpepper tinyFISH FC (3/31/2017)
- pepperFIISH — 2S prototype thrust testing video (3/12/2017)
- pepperFIISH — 36g copter and 288g thrust (8:1), anyone? (3/11/2017)
- pepperF1SH — time to grab some Frames! (3/1/2017)
- pepperF1SH — some 1S fun in an deconsecrated church (2/16/2017)
- pepperF1SH World Tour — current status overview (2/6/2017)
- pepperF1SH World Tour (1/22/2017)
- pepperF1SH – Part XV: new prototype teaser (1/17/2017)
- pepperF1SH – Part XIV: dying shapeways polyamide (1/7/2017)
- pepperF1SH – Part XIII: round bumper design (1/6/2017)
- pepperF1SH – Part XII: lunch break, wind, no rain, no snow (1/5/2017)
- pepperF1SH – Part XI: camera and battery mount received from shapeways (1/5/2017)
- pepperF1SH – Part IX: another bumper design (1/2/2017)
- pepperF1SH – Part IIX: a new frame and bumper design (1/1/2017)
- pepperF1SH – Part VII: a new 3D printed camera and battery mount (12/28/2016)
- pepperF1SH – Part VI: new prototype & testing some flips (12/26/2016)
- pepperF1SH – Part V: Numbers, Numbers, Numbers! (12/22/2016)
- pepperF1SH – Part IV: 3D printed camera and battery mount (12/21/2016)
- pepperF1SH – Part III: new frame (12/19/2016)
- pepperF1SH – Part II: (preliminary) MAIDEN! (12/18/2016)
- pepperF1SH – Part I: Frame & Motors (12/16/2016)